Health and safety legislation.
The health, welfare, and security of employees and other wage earners in the United Kingdom are governed by legislation. This arises from the fact that all types of work are likely to expose people to hazards and other health risks. These may include; toxic substances, dangerous machinery or even a lot of stress. This legislation is very important as it ensures the wellness as of employers, wage earners, consumers as well employees. Proper systems of accident prevention are essential in limiting accidents and other diseases at work and increasing overall productivity at work.
The health and safety legislation consists of various legislations which include:
● The health and safety regulations 1992. (display screen equipment.) this law applies to the users of display screen equipment; those workers who use screens again and again as well as depend on it for work. Employers are required to provide eyesight tests for these users, give them the regular required breaks as well as availing modifiable furniture for them among many measures.
● The manual handling operations equipment of 1992. This legislation requires that employers limit the use of manual human labor for activities at the workplace that have a risk of damage or injury. They are also required to make an assessment of all manual labor risks and try to prevent them. All employees should be provided with adequate information about the manual work they do include the weight of loads they carry.
● Working time regulations of 1998. This is a legislation moderating the working hours of different types of employment. It also covers the regulations on leave and rest breaks. They include a 48 hour work week, necessary 20-minute breaks at work as well as rest periods of 11 hours each day for all employees.
● Reporting of diseases, injuries and dangerous occurrences law of 1995. All employers are required to give relevant information on all work-related injuries and incidents to the relevant authorities.
All in all, the observation of these regulations are important if we are to ensure employee and employer safety in the workplace.